Recovery & Repair
Data Transfer

How to Enable USB Debugging on Android with Black Screen?

author Lois Green
date Wednesday, October 13, 2021

This article introduces a useful recovery software for Android – FonePaw Broken Android Data Extraction, which enables USB debugging on Android with black screen or broken screen.

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When you cannot access your Android phone because the screen is broken, how to recover data from broken Android might be your priority. However, as USB debugging is disabled on the broken Android, you are unable to connect your phone to PC via MTP mode and recover the data. Thus the problem will be: how to enable USB debugging on Android with black screen?

USB debugging is a way to facilitate a connection between an Android device and a computer so that you can access your phone from the computer and transfer data. Normally, you can enable USB debugging on Android in these steps.

However, when your Android phone screen is broken and unresponsive, you need to enable USB debugging on a broken screen with extra tools: OTG cable or ADB tool. And if neither of the methods works on your phone, you can also try to recover data from screen-broken Android without USB debugging with FonePaw Broken Android Data Extraction.

Enable USB Debugging without Touching Screen

If the touch screen on your Android phone is broken, but the display is still on (you can still see the display), you can use a USB OTG and a mouse to control the phone with a broken screen and enable USB debugging.

USB OTG (USB On-The-Go) is a technology that allows you to connect a device(mouse, USB drive, keyboard, etc.) to your smartphone or tablet through the USB Type-C or micro USB port. For example, by connecting a mouse to your phone via OTG cable, you can use the mouse to control the phone without touching the screen.

But not all Android phone supports OTG technology. So you should check whether your broken phone (Samsung, HTC, Huawei, LG, Lenovo, Sony, Asus, etc.) is OTG supported. You can refer to the users manual of the phone or just google if your phone supports USB OTG with the specific device model.

To use OTG cable to enable USB debugging on your Android phone with broken screen:

STEP 1. With a workable OTG adapter, connect your Android phone with a mouse.

tips Tips
  • Some users have succeeded in connecting an Xbox/PS3/PS4 USB wired controller to a smartphone and enabling USB debugging with the controller. If you have a controller, you may want to give this a try.

OTG Connect Android with Mouse

STEP 2. Click the mouse to unlock your phone and turn on USB debugging on Settings.

Enable USB Debugging

STEP 3. Connect the broken phone to the computer and the phone will be recognized as external memory.

STEP 4. From the computer, open the file folders of your phone and copy the photos, contacts, videos, music that you need to the computer.

Tips: If your phone is on a black screen and USB debugging is disabled, please jump to how to recover data without USB Debugging (opens new window).

Enable USB Debugging on Android with black screen from Computer

Is it possible to enable USB debugging on Android remotely from a computer? The question has been brought up on various forums. And the answer is a no. There is no way to enable USB debugging from PC/Mac. But you can still use ADB command or terminal to backup broken Android with PC.

On Android, there is a tool called SDK, which can debug problems with Android devices. Android Debug Bridge (ADB) tool is part of the SDK tool. With the ADB tool on PC, your PC can communicate with your Android phone via USB and execute a series of commands, including back up data on the phone. By executing ADB command, you can extract data from broken Android with USB debugging.

STEP 1. Install the ADB tool on your PC.

STEP 2. Normally ADB needs to communicate with a phone with USB debugging. Since USB debugging is off on your broken phone, you need to boot your device into ClockworkMod Recovery mode.

STEP 3. When your phone is in recovery mode, launch the ADB tool and connect the phone with a broken screen to PC via USB.

STEP 4. Type this in command prompts: adb devices.

STEP 5. Then type the command to backup data on broken Android:

  • adb pull / data / media / clockworkmod / backup ~ / Desktop / Android-up

Backup Broken Android with ADB

tips Tips
  • If you are not a techie and know nothing about ADB, fastboot and command, it is risky to follow the tutorial to use ADB command without knowing what you are doing. You may end up bricking your phone and turning it into total garbage.

Obviously, it is very difficult for ordinary users to enable USB debugging on an Android phone with a broken screen. But luckily, there is still a way that allows you to access your phone and recover data with no USB debugging.

Samsung Android Data Recovery without USB Debugging

FonePaw Broken Android Data Extraction is an application for Windows PC that can recover data from Android phone with broken/black/locked screen. With the application, you can access photos, contacts, WhatsApp/SMS messages, music, videos, etc. on your screen-broken phone from PC and save the data on PC. You don't need to enable USB debugging for the application to work. It is a good helper when you need to extract/backup data from the phone with broken screen.

Currently, FonePaw Broken Android Data Extraction supports data recovery from serveral latest models of Samsung phones, including devices runnning Android 12. Follow these steps to retrieve data from your phone with broken screen.

STEP 1. Download Broken Android Data Extraction on your Windows PC and run the program.

STEP 2. Connect your phone with broken screen to PC with USB cable. And choose Start.

Choose Start

STEP 3. Choose the device name and model of your phone. Click Confirm.

Select Device Name and Model

STEP 4. The FonePaw program will guide you to put your phone in Download mode. Follow the guide to enter Download mode with Home + Power + Volume Down button.

Enter Download Mode

STEP 5. The program will begin to scan out your phone data. After it is done, all your phone data will be displayed.

Recover From Broken Android

STEP 6. Select the data that you need and click Recover to save the data on your computer.

FAQs about USB Debugging Broken Screen

Here we list some of the frequently asked questions about the technical procedures of USB debugging broken screen.

What does USB debugging on Android helpful for?

USB debugging allows you to perform various actions from your computer on your Android device.

With USB debugging, you can execute commands from your computer, and those commands will run on your Android phone. While without USB debugging, you cannot use any ADB commands from your computer on your Android device.

Should I leave USB Debugging On/Off? And How?

You'd better enable the USB debugging when you need it and disable it when you’re done. If you want to enable USB debugging on Android, just need to go to Settings > USB utilities > Connect storage to PC > Plug your USB to PC. And what if you want to turn off USB debugging? The same as enable USB debugging on Android, go to Settings first, and then go to Developer options, so that you can find the button to turn off USB debugging.

Is it safe to enable USB debugging? Why is USB debugging not working?

For the question "Is it safe to enable USB debugging?", we suggest you to anable it when you need to use it, then disable it when you're finished. As enabling USB debugging on Android leaves your phone in a vulnerable state, which will transfer data automatically without notification when you connect it to any computer. And other users can easily root your Android device or perform functions that involve risk.

As for the question "why is USB debugging not working? ", there might be some problems with the ADB drivers which lead to this result.


To sum up, this article is a complete guide in how to enable USB debugging on Android with black screen. Said with no exaggeration, USB debugging on Android with black screen is a life-saver when it comes to recovering data. Don't need to feel panic if your Android phone's screen has become black. Just follow the methods above, and you’ll be able to retreive the important data in no time.

With FonePaw Broken Android Data Extraction, you can also fix the bricked Android phone, such as Android phone that is stuck in a boot loop, recovery mode, and more. It is highly recommended that the program requires no technical knowledge for ordinary users to fix Android system problems and recover data from Android phone with a broken screen.

Broken Android Data Extraction
Broken Android Data Extraction
Save your important files from frozen or broken Android devices!